Christian Aboriginal Infrastructure Developments


caid.ca
         Sharing Capacity
                    and Information

What We Do


Current Projects

Traditional Dane-zaa Headman in Treaty 8

Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chiefs are the pre-contact sovereign governance for their unceded yintah territories. These Chiefs were not consulted for the Coastal Gaslink pipeline project or other pipeline projects by TransCanada Inc. In early 2019, a liaison for a number of Hereditary Chiefs contacted Dr. Herbert and asked for help to obtain funding and get TransCanada officials to a negotiating table so Hereditary Chiefs could engage. This work was highly volatile due to prolonged refusal by Crown and corporate officials to recognize the sovereignty of Hereditary Chiefs. During this preliminary work, we met a Dane-zaa (Beaver) elder and hereditary trapping territory Headman whose traditional territory is in the Montney Basin at the centre of shale gas development in British Columbia.

Montney Basin falls within Treaty 8 and is claimed by Blueberry River First Nation as its traditional territory. However, Blueberry River First Nation did not exist until 1977. In Dane-zaa Peace River territories, Headmen for eight trapping territories were Treaty 8 signatories. But, treaty rights of Dane-zaa Headmen are not recognized by officials in Government of British Columbia, BC Oil and Gas Commission or in a multitude of resource corporations operating in Dane-zaa traplines. Cumulative effects of oil and gas activities in the Montney basin of Treaty 8 have been proven in court to have severly impacted traditional Dane-zaa territories.

The Dane-zaa elder and Headman, whose Dane-zaa trapline (366,000 acres) has been with his family for over 120 years, reached out to CAID for help. Research indicated the elder was in fact a Headman (Hereditary Chief) and that Dane-zaa Headmen, not community Chiefs, are Treaty 8 signatories for the 1900 Dane-zaa adhesion to Treaty 8. Engagements for over 60 different resources projects were undertaken plus consultation dialogues were attempted with 8 resource corporations, 3 Government of British Columbia ministries, BC Oil and Gas Commission, and the office of Premier John Horgan to create an administrative paper trail to assert and protect this Headman's rights. A pipeline permit determination was appealed to the Oil and Gas Appeal Tribunal.

We are unable to release documents on this project at this time.

Work is ongoing with this Dane-zaa Headman, but CAID does not have a donation base, expertise or a funding source available to provide legal support to help this Headman protect his territory and rights.

Donate to help fund this work.

Unceded Land, Tlingit Territory, BC

Hereditary Keyoh leaders in Unceded Territories

In late 2019 while garnering research for work with the Dane-zaa Headman, we crossed paths with a BC Society working to help Central Carrier (Dakelh) hereditary leaders (Keyöhwhudachunne) with their unceded traditional territories known as keyohs in the Stuart Lake area. Cumulative effects of industry development (logging predominantly) have adversely affected/impacted 42 Stuart Lake Keyöhwhudachunne and their keyohs. 

Stuart Lake Keyöhwhudachunne have not signed treaties and have not assigned their authority or territories over to First Nation community governances created under federal legislation to replace traditional keyoh-based Dakelh governance. Despite retaining pre-contact authority for their lands and resources, Keyöhwhudachunne are excluded from First Nation community or regional governance. Further, officials in Government of Canada, Government of British Columbia, and resources-extracting corporations refuse to recognize Keyöhwhudachunne rights to their territories and refuse to consult Keyöhwhudachunne on their constitutionally protected pre-existing sovereign, Immemorial (Dakelh) rights.

Research and discussion indicates Keyöhwhudachunne in the Stuart Lake area were recognized by Dakelh people as legitimate governance and decision makers over land and resources within their keyohs. A general model was prepared to create a Keyoh Governance Support Service to provide capacity and administrative support to Keyöhwhudachunne to take their place in modern Dakelh governance. We worked with the keyoh Society to define an engagement-based project to ensure Creator-based Dakelh law could be included within a Keyoh Governance Support Service.

We are unable to release documents on this project at this time.

Work is ongoing with keyohs but we have not yet acquired funding or a donation base to proceed with this work.

Donate to help fund this work.

Mine Shack, Tlingit Territory, BC

Web-Based Information

This website and its 1400+ html pages and pdf documents found within the resources section are provided without fees such that individuals, education institutions, government officials and business representatives can understand historical forced assimilation policies and remnant assimilation policies still embedded within the rule of law and social fabric in Canada.

This web site is upgraded with the help of donations. 

Donate to help fund this work.

Summer Solstice, Tlingit Territory, YT

Recent Projects

Review of Canadian Policy to Renew Relationships (2018)


Dr. Herbert reviewed the federal Liberal government in Canada’s plan to renew relationships with Indigenous People on a nation-to-nation basis.

This report finds Canada’s plan to renew its relationship with Indigenous Peoples will continue to colonize Indigenous lands and assimilate their people. It reveals tools currently used to advance colonization. These tools come together to form a Framework of Colonization. This framework has its root in the historic Doctrine of Discovery. The doctrine was found to be factually, morally and legally wrong by the 1996 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples and the United Nations. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada called for the Government of Canada to renounce the Doctrine in 2015.

This report screens Principles upon which the federal government is renewing its relationship, whole-of-government and distinction-based approaches, permanent bilateral mechanisms, capacity building, the new fiscal relationship, funding, treaties and the recognition of rights framework were all reviewed and found to retain the Framework of Colonization, its tools and the Doctrine of Discovery.

This report concludes with finding that Canada’s policy towards self-determination of Indigenous Peoples denies international rights to self-determination while continuing to oppress sovereign Indigenous rights. Government of Canada officials’ plan to renew their relationship with Indigenous Peoples does not recognize Indigenous sovereignty, Indigenous law, Indigenous jurisdiction or sovereign Immemorial rights. Canadian officials' policies continue assimilation of Indigenous Peoples and advances Crown colonization objectives.

Canol Hotel, Kaska Territory, YT

Creating Indigenous-owned Health Service Infrastructure (2016-17)


In late 2015, we were engaged with a medical school graduate in an effort to connect them with a medical residency in remote First Nation family medicine. We discovered there was no post-graduate medical residency training for remote First Nation Family Medicine in Canada.

Initial work on creating a remote First Nation medical residency program with remote First Nation community progressed to the regional tribal council level. At that level, it was identified that there was a need for an infrastructure to facilitate and coordinate delivery of First Nation health programs in remote communities, including missing culture-based healing programs. This new infrastructure would rectify service delivery gaps between First Nation and non-native health care systems plus address the medical residency training program we had started the work with.

We obtained funding in 2016 for the tribal council to develop the underlay for a First Nation-owned alternate health care delivery system and the medical residency training program. We worked on that underlay with community, leader, partner, and stakeholder engagements to incorporate an Indigenous health service cooperative owned and governed by nine First Nation communities .

Webequie, Anishinaabe Territory, ON

Consultation-based plan to define indigenous owned Infrastructure (2015-2017)


CAID developed a quintessential Immemorial rights consultation process able to bring forward Immemorial Indigenous rights in a modern context. That expression of Immemorial rights is able to define Indigenous-owned infrastructure that is vitally needed in and for Indigenous communities.

Modern expression of Immemorial rights can be used by Indigenous Peoples in Canada to reconcile rights given to them by the Creator with Crown rights. Reconciled Immemorial and Crown rights allow for building of harmonized infrastructure to close gaps in service delivery to Indigenous communities. Creation of harmonized infrastructure that respects both Indigenous and Crown rights is foundational in developing Indigenous societal institutions for self-determination.

This initiative is developed using reconciliation of First Nation Immemorial rights to steward lands and resources as an example. We originally wrote this initiative in August of 2015 but felt the Government of Canada was not prepared to engage in serious discussions on Indigenous Peoples exercising their Immemorial rights at that time, so we put it away. We submitted this initiative to the Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous Affairs and Northern Development Canada, in September 2017.

Sunset, Plains Cree Territory, AB

Other Projects

Dr. Herbert, through CAID, have been involved with a number of projects. If you require more information regarding previous projects, do not hesitate to contact us.


About Us     Contact Us

© Christian Aboriginal Infrastructure Developments