In an extreme oversimplification of the world’s people: Historically, there were two groups of people on the planet, those that lived on the land and those that lived off the people that lived on the land. To keep this discussion simple, we will refer to people that lived on the land as Indigenous people; an Indigenous tribe as a grouping of Indigenous people; and, a group of Indigenous tribes sharing common land, ancestry, and values as an Indigenous culture. All Indigenous cultures survived and flourished according to their understanding and respect of the land. Every tribe in every culture had to respect their tribe’s role on the land. There are three basic groups of roles; agricultural, pastoral, and hunter-gatherer. Depending on the land and its seasons, many tribes and cultures had a combination of these three basic roles.
A tribe’s role with the land developed over time so that the tribe was as much a part of the balance of the land as any of the Indigenous plants and animals; they became Indigenous people. The balance of the land can be represented in the simple equation of Land = Nature + Roles where nature can be Indigenous minerals, plants, animals, or people. In this equation everything is involved in maintaining the dynamic balance of the land, especially people. The truth about a tribe’s role with the land was carried by the Elders and passed on by oral traditional law. Truth carried by the Elders encompassed all that was needed to survive as a people in that role, on that land, with those animals, with those plants, and in contact with neighbouring Indigenous Peoples and their land. Roles for contact with neighbouring Indigenous peoples and lands included trade. An Indigenous People that understood their role with the land could flourish in good years and survive through bad years. The truth of the Elders was time tested. To disregard the Elders would ultimately result in famine and poverty.
Loss of Indigenous Roles
Western Society and culture has spread at an alarming rate across the globe as a result of advanced technology and their need for resources. Unfortunately, Western Society, as a group, is very prone to being a people who live off the people who live on the land. As a result, they have ignored Indigenous Peoples and their Elders as colonization extended in search of riches. In many regions, Indigenous roles were replaced by jobs. Truths carried by the Elders were set aside, sometimes lost. Unfortunately, despite its arrogance, Western Society, does not have the solution for every problem encountered by remnant Indigenous People in every land they have colonized. In fact, Western Society’s positive global influence may have already peaked. Regardless, Indigenous Peoples are now left looking for solutions while facing the overwhelming force of the "global economy".
Rebuilding Indigenous Culture-Based Roles
Starting with a remnant, many Indigenous Peoples are choosing to rebuild their Indigenous culture. They have their land, their customs, and their Elders. The first key to rebuilding is the Elders. Remember that Elders carry traditional law and a tribe’s traditional role with the land.
There is a simple equation that shows Culture = Law + Custom. If Indigenous People choose to rebuild their culture, they need traditional customs, which they have, and traditional law, which is carried by their Elders. The word culture here can be interchanged with the word "nation". (The word nation here is used in a historic context to reflect a group of Indigenous tribes sharing common land, ancestry, and values. It is not meant in the modern definition of a political or military government that has claimed sovereignty over a geographical area.) We know that a nation has different parts that make up a nation as a whole. These parts are referred to as infrastructures. So, if we want to rebuild Indigenous culture, then we start by rebuilding its infrastructure parts. This is done by consulting Elders on traditional law and then combining the consultation response with current customs for each infrastructure needed within a culture.
We have seen (above) the Land = Nature + Roles equation. If Indigenous People choose to reestablish their role with the land, they need their traditional land, which they live on, and their traditional roles for that land, which is carried by their Elders. However, part of Indigenous roles on land involved living in contact with neighbouring Indigenous Peoples and their land. Neighbours have changed to now include modern regional, national, and international governments with their regulatory systems; and, the global economy. Reestablished traditional roles on traditional land, including trade, must harmonize with these "new neighbouring lands and peoples". This harmonization is a second key to rebuilding.
Finally, physical work to rebuild needs to be done after Indigenous culture, roles and infrastructure framework have been defined and harmonized with a global system. The third and final key to rebuilding is perseverance.
Starting with Core infrastructure
Arguably the most important Indigenous infrastructure to begin a rebuilding process with is sustainable economic development. Sustainable economic development based on traditional roles will provide an economic base to harmonize into a global system; and, with that in place, Indigenous Peoples can choose their own path to self-determination. However, economic development is based on other more basic (core) infrastructures such as resource management and trade. So, to begin sustainable development, we rebuild core infrastructure. Core infrastructures include, trade and commerce, education, resource management, traditional food, health, justice, governance and community.
Rebuilding Indigenous tradition (culture)-based infrastructure requires a detailed meaningful consultation process and an understanding of the framework of infrastructure.