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Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Doctrine of Discovery

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

The Penner Report Indian Self-government in Canada

The Beaver Report: The National Indian Socio-economic Development Committee

The Hawthorne Report: Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies

The White Paper: Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy



Last Updated October 8, 2017

Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada


In 1996 the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RRCAP) made a number of recommendations to the Government of Canada regarding residential schools. Canada consequently made a Statement of Reconciliation to residential school survivors in 1998 and created the Aboriginal Healing Foundation. In 2003, the Government of Canada launched a Dispute Resolution plan to compensate survivors that fell far short of the expectations of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. In response, the Assembly of First Nations, under Grand Chief Phil Fontaine, launched a class action lawsuit in 2005 against the federal government. As a settlement in that case, the Government of Canada signed the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) in 2006.


Included within the IRSSA was schedule “N”, the mandate for a Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC). The Truth and Reconciliation Commission began its work on June 1, 2008. Overall goals of the TRC focus on promoting healing, educating, listening, and the preparation of a report for all parties that includes recommendations for the Government of Canada regarding the IRS system, experience and legacy. The TRC released an interim report in May of 2015 and this final report in January of 2016. The final report contains 94 calls to action; including calls to abandon the Doctrine of Discovery and fully adopt/implement the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.