Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Doctrine of Discovery

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

The Penner Report Indian Self-government in Canada

The Beaver Report: The National Indian Socio-economic Development Committee

The Hawthorne Report: Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies

The White Paper: Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy

Last Updated October 8, 2017

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Report (2004)

Cover Page



Chapter 1:  An Introduction to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment  1

Chapter 2:  Arctic Climate: Past and Present   21

Chapter 3:  The Changing Arctic: Indigenous Perspectives   61

Chapter 4:  Future Climate Change: Modeling and Scenarios for the Arctic   99

Chapter 5:  Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation   151

Chapter 6:  Cryosphere and Hydrology   183

Chapter 7:  Arctic Tundra and Polar Desert Ecosystems   243

Chapter 8:  Freshwater Ecosystems and Fisheries   353

Chapter 9:  Marine Systems   453

Chapter 10:  Principles of Conserving the Arctic’s Biodiversity   539

Chapter 11:  Management and Conservation of Wildlife in a Changing Arctic Environment   597

Chapter 12:  Hunting, Herding, Fishing, and Gathering: Indigenous Peoples and Renewable Resource Use in the Arctic   649

Chapter 13:  Fisheries and Aquaculture   691

Chapter 14:  Forests, Land Management, and Agriculture   781

Chapter 15:  Human Health   863

Chapter 16:  Infrastructure: Buildings, Support Systems, and Industrial Facilities   907

Chapter 17:  Climate Change in the Context of Multiple Stressors and Resilience   945

Chapter 18:  Summary and Synthesis of the ACIA   989


Appendix A:  Chapter Authors   1021

Appendix B:  Biographies   1025

Appendix C:  Reviewers   1029

Appendix D:  Species Names   1031

Appendix E:  Acronyms   1037

Appendix G:  Glossary   1039