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National Inquiry into Missing & Murdered Indigenous Woman & Girls

Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Doctrine of Discovery

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

The Penner Report Indian Self-government in Canada

The Beaver Report: The National Indian Socio-economic Development Committee

The Hawthorne Report: Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies

The White Paper: Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy


UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous People

House of Commons Standing Committee

Senate Standing Committee

Indigenous Services

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs

 Assembly of First Nations

Congress of Aboriginal People

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

Métis National Council

Inuit Circumpolar Council of Canada

United Native Friendship Centre

Native Women’s Association of Canada

What’s New

CAID Library Additions   GO TO PAGE

CAID Report: Failing to Renew the Relationship

Indigenous Peoples in Canada: Failing to Renew the Relationship (2018)

The report finds Canada’s plan to renew its relationship with Indigenous Peoples will continue to colonize Indigenous lands and assimilate their people. It reveals tools currently used to advance colonization. These tools come together to form a Framework of Colonization. This framework has its root in the historic Doctrine of Discovery. The doctrine was found to be factually, morally and legally wrong by the 1996 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples and the United Nations. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada called for the Government of Canada to renounce the Doctrine in 2015.

The report screens Principles upon which the federal government is renewing its relationship, whole-of-government and distinction-based approaches, permanent bilateral mechanisms, capacity building, the new fiscal relationship, funding, treaties and the recognition of rights framework were all reviewed and found to retain the Framework of Colonization, its tools and the Doctrine of Discovery.

The report concludes with finding that Canada’s policy towards the self-determination of Indigenous Peoples denies international rights to self-determination while continuing to oppress sovereign Indigenous rights. The Government of Canada’s plan to renew its relationship with Indigenous Peoples does not recognize Indigenous sovereignty, Indigenous law or sovereign Indigenous rights. It continues the assimilation of Indigenous Peoples and advances the Crown’s colonizing objectives.

CAID Pre-existing Societies Initiative


Indigenous Consultation and Accommodation of Immemorial Rights: Pre-existing Societies Initiative (2017)

CAID developed a quintessential Immemorial rights consultation process able to bring forward Immemorial Indigenous rights in a modern context. That expression of Immemorial rights is able to define Indigenous-owned infrastructure that is vitally needed in and for Indigenous communities.

The modern expression of Immemorial rights can be used by Indigenous Peoples in Canada to reconcile rights given to them by the Creator with Crown rights. Reconciled Immemorial and Crown rights allow for the building of harmonized infrastructure to close the gap in service delivery to Indigenous communities. The creation of harmonized infrastructure that respects both Indigenous and Crown rights is foundational to the development of Indigenous societal institutions for the purpose of self-determination.

The initiative is developed using the reconciliation of the First Nation Immemorial right to steward lands and resources as an example. We originally wrote the proposal in August of 2015 but felt the Government of Canada was not prepared to engage in serious discussions on Indigenous Peoples exercising their Immemorial rights at that time, so we put it away. We submitted the initiative to the Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous Affairs and Northern Development Canada, in September 2017.

CAID Presentation Veterinarians Without Borders Panel on Mauling Deaths

Sustainable Veterinary Services in Northern Canada: A Veterinarians Without Borders Workshop: Panel Notes for Dr. Herbert (2017)

We have worked on and off on veterinary infrastructure for First Nation communities for a number of years, including developing customary economies with country food harvest and dog management infrastructure. In 2016, we submitted recommendations to the Chief Coroner of the Yukon on the dog-mauling death of a Ross River Kaska Dena community member. In May 2017, another death from dog-mauling occurred in Little Grand Rapids First Nation, Manitoba. Subsequent to an interview on the CBC national radio show ‘The Current’, we were invited to participate and present at a forum organized by Veterinarians Without Borders Canada in July 2017.

We presented the colonial origin and the nature of current dog problems in remote First Nation communities to national veterinary industry leaders along with reasons why charitable solutions have not worked. The need for cultural inclusion and consultation was highlighted with the presentation, during discussion, and with supporting materials we prepared for participants.

CAID Development of Indigenous-owned Health Service Infrastructure

Matawa Health Co-operative Initiative Report 2016-17 (2017)

Matawa Health Co-operative Initiative (2016)

In late 2015, we were engaged with a medical school graduate in an effort to connect them with a medical residency in remote First Nation family medicine. We discovered there was no post-graduate medical residency training for remote First Nation Family Medicine in Canada.

Initial work on creating a remote First Nation medical residency program with remote First Nation community progressed to the regional tribal council level. At that level, it was identified that there was a need for an infrastructure to facilitate and coordinate delivery of First Nation health programs in remote communities, including missing culture-based healing programs. This new infrastructure would rectify service delivery gaps between First Nation and non-native health care systems plus address the medical residency training program we had started the work with.

We obtained funding in 2016 for the tribal council to develop the underlay for a First Nation-owned alternate health care delivery system and the medical residency training program. We worked on that underlay for over a year with community, leader, partner, and stakeholder engagements.

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Last Updated July 28, 2019