Featured

Findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Doctrine of Discovery

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

The Penner Report Indian Self-government in Canada

The Beaver Report: The National Indian Socio-economic Development Committee

The Hawthorne Report: Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies

The White Paper: Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy



Last Updated January 3, 2018

Meaningful Consultation Footnotes


1.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 13, Conclusions. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.13.pdf


2. (1920) Duncan Campbell Scott, deputy superintendent general of Indian affairs, testimony before the Special Committee of the House of Commons examining the Indian Act amendments of 1920, National Archives of Canada, Record Group 10, volume 6810, file 470-2-3, volume 7, pp. 55 (L-3) and 63 (N-3).


3.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward, Looking Back. Part One: The Relationship in Historical Perspective. Chapter 6, Stage Three: Displacement and Assimilation; 8. Extending Measures of Control and Assimilation. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.6.pdf


4.  (2004) United Nations Economic and Social Council: Commission on Human Rights. Indigenous Issues: Human rights and indigenous issues, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous People, Rodolfo Stavenhagen: Addendum, Mission to Canada. E/CN.4/2005/88/Add.3, at para. 97. http://caid.ca/UNESCCan2004.pdf


5.  (1965) Montgomery, Malcolm. The Six Nations Indians and the Macdonald Franchise. Ontario History 57: p. 13.


6.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward, Looking Back. Part One: The Relationship in Historical Perspective. Chapter 6, Stage Three: Displacement and Assimilation; 6. Nonfulfillment of Treaties. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.6.pdf


7.  (1969) United Nations, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Articles 14, 26, 27 and 60. http://caid.ca/IntTreLaw1969.pdf


8.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 2: Restructuring the Relationship. Part One: Chapter 2, Treaties; 1.1 Treaties are Nation to Nation. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP2.2.pdf


9.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 2: Restructuring the Relationship. Part One: Chapter 2, Treaties; 1.1 Treaties are Nation to Nation. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP2.2.pdf


10.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 2: Restructuring the Relationship. Part One: Chapter 2, Treaties; 3.7 The Fiduciary Relationship: Restoring the Treaty Partnership. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP2.2.pdf


11.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 6. End of the Tripartite Imperial System. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


12.  R. v. Goodon, [2008], M.B.P.C. 59, at para. 81. http://caid.ca/GooDec2009.pdf


13.  R. v. Powley, [2003] 2 S.C.R. 207, 2003 S.C.C. 43, at para. 55. http://caid.ca/PowDec2003.pdf


14.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 5. The Gradual Civilization Act: Assimilating Civilized Indians. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


15.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 4. Civilization to Assimilation: Indian Policy Formulated. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


16.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 7. The Gradual Enfranchisement Act: Responsible Band Government. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


17.   (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 8. The Indian Act and Indians: Children of the State. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


18.   (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 9, The Indian Act; 13. Conclusion. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.9.pdf


19.  (2007) Resolution 61/295. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. http://caid.ca/UNIndDec010208.pdf


20.  McIvor v. Canada (Registrar of Indian and Northern Affairs), 2009 B.C.C.A. 153, at para. 166. http://caid.ca/McIDec2009.pdf


21.  (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: p. 78.


22.  (2002) Chrisjohn, R.D., Wasacase, W., Nussey, L., Smith, A., Legault, M.,  Loiselle, P. and Bourgeois, M. Genocide and Indian Residential Schooling: The Past is Present. In Wiggers, R.D. & Griffiths, A.L (eds),  Canada and International Humanitarian Law: Peacekeeping and War Crimes in the Modern Era. Halifax: Dalhousie University Press: 2002.


23.  (1922) Peter H. Bryce, The Story of a National Crime: Being and Appeal for Justice to the Indians of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario, James Hope & Sons, Ltd.


24.  (1986) Barman, J. (Ed) Indian Education in Canada, Vol. 1, The Legacy. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia.: p. 8.


25.  (1948) United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Resolution 260 (III) A. http://caid.ca/Genocide1948.pdf


26.  (1996) Lindqvist, S. "Exterminate All the Brutes": One Man's Odyssey in to the Heart of Darkness and the Origins of European Genocide. New York, New York. The New Press.


27.   (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: p. 6.


28.  (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia.


29.  (1966) Hawthorn, H. B. (Chair) A Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: A Report on Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies. Ottawa, Supply and Services. lAND Publication No. QS-0603-020-EE-A-18. http://caid.ca/Vol1a_Haw.html


30.  (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: p. 120-121.


31.  (2002) Wiggers, R.D. & Griffiths, A.L (eds),  Canada and International Humanitarian Law: Peacekeeping and War Crimes in the Modern Era. Halifax: Dalhousie University Press.


32.  (1973) Davis, R., and Zannis, M. The Genocide Machine in Canada: The Pacification of the North. Montréal, Québec. Black Rose Books.


33.  (1986) Barman, J. (Ed) Indian Education in Canada, Vol. 1, The Legacy. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia.


34.  (2008) Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Statement of Apology. Wednesday, June 11, 2008 CBC News. http://caid.ca/CanPMApol061108.pdf


35.  (1973) A Quote from the Special Committee on Hate Propaganda in Canada. In Davis, R., and Zannis, M. The Genocide Machine in Canada: The Pacification of the North. Montréal, Québec. Black Rose Books: p. 23.


36.   (1998) Craven, James M., Judicial Findings From the Inter-Tribal Tribunal on Residential Schools in Canada, Part III: On the Issue of Ethnocide versus Genocide. http://caid.ca/IntJudFin1998.pdf


37.  (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: p. 121.


38.  (2008) Herbert, R.G. A Model for the Reconciliation of Canada with its Indigenous Peoples; Restoration of Missing Infrastructure Phase 1: Pilot Program Development. A Proposal in Response to the Federal Government of Canada’s Objective to Reconcile with Indigenous Peoples in Canada. http://caid.ca/ModelInf091608.pdf


39.  (1948) United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights Resolution 217A(III). http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/


40.  (2008) Sask First Nations strike tarsands deal with Taiwan firm. July 25, 2008. CBC News. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/saskatchewan/story/2008/07/25/oilsands-taiwan.html


41.  (1999) UN Human Rights Committee (HRC), UN Human Rights Committee: Concluding Observations: Canada. CCPR/C/79/Add.105 http://caid.ca/UNHRCCan1999.pdf


42.  (2004) United Nations Economic and Social Council: Commission on Human Rights, Indigenous Issues. Human rights and indigenous issues. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Rodolfo Stavenhagen: Addendum, Mission to Canada, at para. 84. E/CN.4/2005/88/Add.3 http://caid.ca/UNESCCan2004.pdf


43.  (2003) Samson, C. A Way of Life That Does Not Exist: Canada and the Extinguishment of the Innu. Memorial University of Newfoundland, ISER Books.


44.  (1995) Innu Nation and Mushuau Innu Band Council. Gathering Voices: Finding Strength to Help our Children. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre.


45.  (1999) Samson, C., Wilson, J., and Mazower, J. Canada’s Tibet: The Killing of the Innu. Survival International. London, United Kingdom. Clement and Foster. http://www.survival-international.org/files/books/InnuReport.pdf


46.  (2003) Hanrahan, M. The Lasting Breach: The Omission of Aboriginal People from the Terms of Union Between Newfoundland and Canada and its Ongoing Impacts. St. John's: Royal Commission on Renewing and Strengthening Our Place in Canada, 2003. http://caid.ca/RoyComNewAbo2003.pdf


47.  (1999) Wetzel, J. The Hidden Term of Union: Executive Summary - Confederation and Federal Abandonment of the Newfoundland Mi’kmaq. Newfoundland Quarterly, 92 (4): p. 23- 28.


48.  (1989) United Nations C169 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention. http://caid.ca/ILOC169.pdf


49.  (2008) Harper apology leaves Labrador's former students in cold: Innu, Inuit. Thursday, June 12, 2008. CBC News, http://www.cbc.ca/canada/north/story/2008/06/12/labrador-apology.html


50.  (1995) Armitage, A. Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. UBC Press, University of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: p. 95-97.


51.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 8, Introduction. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.8.pdf


52.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 8, Introduction; 1. False Assumptions. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.8.pdf


53.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 8, Introduction; 2. The Abuse of Power and 3. The Four Policies in Brief. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.8.pdf


54.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 8, Introduction; 2. The Abuse of Power. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.8.pdf


55.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 2: Restructuring the Relationship. Part Two: Appendix A: Summary of Recommendations in Volume 2, Parts One and Two. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP2.APP.A.pdf


56. (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Three: Building the Foundation of a Renewed Relationship. Appendix E Summary of Recommendation in Volume 1. Recommendations 1.7.1 and 1.7.2. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.E.pdf


57.  (2006) Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement. http://caid.ca/IRSSA2006.pdf


58.  (2006) Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement. Schedule “N”: Mandate for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. http://caid.ca/IRSSASchN2006.pdf


59.  (2009) 40th Parliament, 2nd Session; Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Evidence Thursday, February 12, 2009. http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=3677105&Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=40&Ses=2


60.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 FCA 20, at para. 82. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


61.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 2: Restructuring the Relationship. Part One: Introduction. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP2.1.pdf


62.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Three: Building the Foundation of a Renewed Relationship. Chapter14, The Turning Point. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.14.pdf


63.  R. v. Vanderpeet, [1996] 2 S.C.R. 507 at para. 31. http://caid.ca/VanDec1996.pdf


64.  R. v. Sparrow, [1990] 1 S.C.R. 1075. http://caid.ca/Sparrow020908.pdf


65.  Guerin v. The Queen, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 335. http://caid.ca/GueDec1984.pdf


66.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, 2004 S.C.C. 73. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


67.  Taku River Tlingit First Nation v. British Columbia (Project Assessment Director), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 550, 2004 SCC 74. http://caid.ca/TakDec2004.pdf


68.  Mikisew Cree First Nation v. Canada (Minister of Canadian Heritage), [2005] S.C.J. No. 71, 2005 S.C.C. 69. http://caid.ca/MikDec2005.pdf


69.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Three: Building the Foundation of a Renewed Relationship. Chapter 16, The Principles of a Renewed Relationship. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP1.16.pdf


70.  (2008) Canada Aboriginal Consultation and Accommodation: Interim Guideline for Federal Officials to Fulfil the Legal Duty to Consult. http://caid.ca/CanConPol021508.pdf


71.  (2008) Toward a New Federal Framework for Aboriginal Economic Development Discussion Guide. http://caid.ca/INACEng2008.pdf


72.  (2009) Drinking Water and Wastewater in First Nation Communities. Discussion Paper: Engagement Sessions on the Development of a Proposed Legislative Framework for Drinking Water and Wastewater in First Nation Communities. http://caid.ca/WaterEng2009.pdf


73.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 F.C.A 20, at para. 115. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


74.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 F.C.A 20, at para. 82. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


75. Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 44. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


76.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 40. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


77.  Wii'litswx v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2008] B.C.S.C. 1139, at para. 247. http://caid.ca/WiilitswxDec2008.pdf


78.  Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010, at para 115. http://caid.ca/DelDec1997.pdf


79.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 FCA 20, at para. 118. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


80.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 4: Perspectives and Realities. Chapter 3, Elders’ Perspectives. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP4.3.pdf


81.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 4: Perspectives and Realities. Appendix A: Summary of Recommendation Volume 4. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9. http://caid.ca/RRCAP4.APP.A.pdf


82.  (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 4: Perspectives and Realities. Chapter 3, Elders’ Perspectives; 6. A Call to Action. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9.  http://caid.ca/RRCAP4.3.pdf


83.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 59. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


84.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 35 and 38. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


85.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 F.C.A. 20, at para. 81. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


86.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 27. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


87.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 60, 61, 62 and 63. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


88.  Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010, at para 168. http://caid.ca/DelDec1997.pdf


89.  Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010, at para 84, 85, 86 and 87. http://caid.ca/DelDec1997.pdf


90.  Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010, at para.134. http://caid.ca/DelDec1997.pdf


91.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 F.C.A. 20, at para. 116. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


92.  Huu-Ay-Aht First Nation et al. v. The Minister of Forests et al., [2005] B.C.S.C. 697, at para. 123. http://caid.ca/HuuDec2005.pdf


93.  Gitanyow First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), 2004 B.C.S.C. 1734, at para. 58. http://caid.ca/GitDec2004.pdf


94.  Huu-Ay-Aht First Nation et al. v. The Minister of Forests et al., [2005] B.C.S.C. 697, at para. 123. http://caid.ca/HuuDec2005.pdf


95. Wii'litswx v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2008] B.C.S.C. 1139, at para 7. http://caid.ca/WiilitswxDec2008.pdf


96.  Gitanyow First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), 2004 B.C.S.C. 1734, at para. 63. http://caid.ca/GitDec2004.pdf


97.  Gitanyow First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), 2004 B.C.S.C. 1734, at para. 50. http://caid.ca/GitDec2004.pdf


98.  Dene Tha’ First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Environment), [2006] F.C. 1354, 2008 FCA 20, at para. 134. http://caid.ca/DeneThaDec2006.pdf


99.  Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 511, at para 47. http://caid.ca/HaidaDec010208.pdf


100.  Wii'litswx v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2008] B.C.S.C. 1139, at para 10. http://caid.ca/WiilitswxDec2008.pdf


101.  Gitanyow First Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), 2004 BCSC 1734, at para. 62. http://caid.ca/GitDec2004.pdf


102.  (2007) United Nations International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Consideration of Reports Submitted by States Parties Under Article 9 of the Convention. Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; Canada. CERD/C/CAN/CO/18 http://caid.ca/UNRacDisCan2007.pdf


103.  (2009) United Nations Human Rights Council. Promotion and Protection of all Human Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to Development. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous People James Anaya. A/HRC/12/34 http://caid.ca/UNHRC2009.pdf


104.  (2008) Herbert, R. G., A Model to Establish a New Framework for Aboriginal Economic Development in Canada: A Proposal in Response to the Federal Government of Canada Objective to Establish a New Framework for Aboriginal Economic Development in Canada. http://caid.ca/Model031108.pdf


105.  (2009) United Nations Human Rights Council. Promotion and Protection of all Human Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to Development. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous People James Anaya. A/HRC/12/34, at para. 71. http://caid.ca/UNHRC2009.pdf


106. (2009) Herbert, R. G., Meaningful Consultation in Canada: The Alternative to Forced Aboriginal Assimilation. http://caid.ca/MeaCon092409.pdf


107. (2009) Herbert, R. G., Working Papers on Meaningful Aboriginal Consultation: Overview. http://caid.ca/MeaConOve101609.pdf


© Christian Aboriginal Infrastructure Developments

Last Updated January 3, 2018