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Meaningful Consultation in Canada: The Alternative to Forced Aboriginal Assimilation

United Nations’ Recommendations on the Duty to Consult

Amnesty International - Canada: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

Indigenous Children's Health Report: Health Assessment in Action

 

Last Updated September 15, 2015

Why Consultation?

 

Canada’s Constitution Act (1982) recognized and affirmed existing Aboriginal and treaty rights. In doing so, a chain of events was set in motion:

 

 

Unfortunately, the entire fabric of Canada was built upon a policy of forced Aboriginal assimilation. This policy in turn was based on what we now know to be profound racism towards Aboriginal Peoples.1 This racism is illustrated by a quote from testimony given before the Special Committee of the House of Commons examining the Indian Act amendments of 1920,

 

“Our objective is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed into the body politic and there is no Indian question, and no Indian Department2...”

 

 

Canada adopted many laws whose goals were,

 

“ the piecemeal but complete destruction of distinct social and political entities within the broader Canadian community ... the continuous and deliberate subversion of Aboriginal nations — groups whose only offence was their wish to continue living in their own communities and evolving in accordance with their own traditions, laws and aspirations.1

 

 

Since the 1982 Constitution Act came into force until the writing of this page and its sister documents:

 

 

There is an alternative to forced Aboriginal assimilation. That alternative is Meaningful Consultation. Meaningful Consultation provides the process Canada needs to move forward from the constitutional recognition of Aboriginal and treaty rights.

 

This section of the website is meant as an overview and guide to develop and embark on Meaningful Aboriginal Consultation processes for distinct Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. Use the navigation bar on the left to access Consultation pages.

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Last Updated September 15, 2015