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Consultation of Indigenous Peoples


Canada’s Constitution Act (1982) recognized and affirmed existing Indigenous and treaty rights. In doing so, a chain of events was set in motion:

Unfortunately, the entire fabric of Canada was built upon a policy of forced Aboriginal assimilation. This policy in turn was based on what we now know to be profound racism towards Indigenous Peoples.1 This racism is illustrated by a quote from testimony given before the Special Committee of the House of Commons examining the Indian Act amendments of 1920,

“Our objective is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed into the body politic and there is no Indian question, and no Indian Department2...”

Canada adopted many laws whose goals were,

“ the piecemeal but complete destruction of distinct social and political entities within the broader Canadian community ... the continuous and deliberate subversion of Indigenous nations — groups whose only offence was their wish to continue living in their own communities and evolving in accordance with their own traditions, laws and aspirations.1

Since the 1982 Constitution Act came into force until the writing of this page and its sister documents:

There is an alternative to the continued assimilation of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. That alternative is Meaningful Consultation. Meaningful Consultation provides the process Canada needs to move forward with the recognition of Indigenous rights and reconciliation with Indigenous sovereignty.

This section of the website is meant as an overview and guide to develop and embark on Meaningful Consultation processes for distinct Indigenous Peoples in Canada. Use the navigation bar to select pages and page anchors.

1. (1996) Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Volume 1: Looking Forward Looking Back. Part Two: False Assumptions and a Failed Relationship. Chapter 13, Conclusions. Canada Communication Group — Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9.

2. (1920) Duncan Campbell Scott, deputy superintendent general of Indian affairs, testimony before the Special Committee of the House of Commons examining the Indian Act amendments of 1920, National Archives of Canada, Record Group 10, volume 6810, file 470-2-3, volume 7, pp. 55 (L-3) and 63 (N-3).


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Last Updated July 28, 2019