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Northern Contaminants Program

Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report II


Volume 3: Knowledge in Action

Full Document

Executive Summary    


1 Introduction    

1.1 Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report II

1.2 The Knowledge in Action report

1.3 Contaminants in the North: Understanding the issue

Box 1Contaminants of Concern

Box 2The Current State of Knowledge

1.4 The diverse and changing face of the North

2 Addressing the Contaminant Issue   

2.0 Introduction

2.1 History of dealing with contaminants in the North

2.2 Phase I of the Northern Contaminants Program

Box 3 Setting the Scene for the Northern Contaminants Program

2.3 Phase II of the Northern Contaminants Program

2.3.1 Shared management and innovative partnerships Territorial Environmental Contaminants Committees (TECCs)

Box 4 Evolution of a Regional Committee: The NNHC Regional Contaminants Coordinators (RCCs) Aboriginal partnerships

2.3.2 Blueprints

Box 5 NCP Blueprints

2.3.3 Review process

2.4 Summary of key points

2.5 Key references and suggested readings

3 The NCP Approach to Research    

3.0 Introduction

3.1 Working responsibly

3.1.1 Guidelines for responsible research

Box 6 Basic Principles of the Guidelines for Responsible Research

3.1.2 Consultation requirements for NCP projects

3.1.3 Supporting responsible research and community consultation

3.1.4 Summary of working responsibly

3.2 Identifying and addressing community concerns

3.2.1 Local contaminants concerns

3.3 Incorporating Traditional Knowledge

Box 7 Elder/Scientist Retreats

3.4 Responsible research in practice

3.4.1 Case Study 1: Community-based monitoring of abnormalities in wildlife

3.4.2 Case Study 2: Monitoring contaminant levels in ringed seals

3.4.3 Case Study 3: Health effects research in Nunavik

3.5 Summary of key points

3.6 Key references and suggested readings

4 The Practice of Balancing Benefits and Risks  

4.0 Introduction

4.1 The NCP approach

Box 8 Basic Steps in Benefit/Risk Management Process: The NCP Experience

4.2 Early and ongoing involvement of multiple perspectives

4.3 Challenges of balancing benefits and risks

Box 9 Benefit/Risk Management in Practice

4.3.1 Data challenges: The availability of qualitative and quantitative information

4.3.2 Calculating benefits vs. risks: Uncertainties and estimations

4.4 Releasing balanced messages on contaminants, health, and harvest information

4.5 Summary of key points

4.6 Key references and suggested readings

5 Communications: Messages, Networks, Materials, and Processes

5.0 Introduction

5.1 Evolution of communications under the NCP

5.2 Messages for key audiences

5.2.1 Northern residents

5.2.2 The national community

5.2.3 International audiences

5.3 Regional networks for communication

5.3.1 Territorial Environmental Contaminants Committees (TECCs)

5.3.2 Regional Contaminants Co-ordinators (RCCs)

5.3.3 Frontline workers

5.4 Materials for communication

Box 10 Guidelines for Producing Effective Communication Materials in Labrador

5.4.1 Curriculum development in the NCP

5.5 Processes of communication

5.5.1 Workshops in the NCP

5.5.2 Contaminants tours in the North

5.5.3 Informal processes of communication

5.6 Assessing communications in the NCP

5.7 Summary of key points

5.8 Key references and suggested readings

6 NCP at the National and International Level    

6.0 Introduction

6.1 Action at the national level

6.1.1 Toxic Substances Management Policy (TSMP)

6.1.2 Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) — Priority chemical assessments

6.1.3 Pesticide Control Products Act – Lindane assessment

6.1.4 Toxic Substances Research Initiative (TSRI)

6.1.5 Children’s environmental health

6.2 The impact of the NCP: International actions

6.2.1 Early action: The Arctic environmental protection strategy

6.2.2 NCP and the Arctic Monitoring Assessment Programme (AMAP)

6.2.3 International controls: Convention on Long-Range transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)

6.2.4 UNEP Global POPs Convention

6.2.5 The role of Aboriginal peoples in translating science into international policy

6.2.6 Ratification and implementation of the Global POPs Convention

6.2.7 Knowledge in action in the international sphere: Final words

6.3 Summary of key points

6.4 Key references and suggested readings

7 Assessment and Conclusions     

7.0 Introduction

7.1 Framework for knowledge in action

7.1.1 Strategic design of the NCP

7.1.2 Adaptability and flexibility

7.1.3 Partnership building

7.1.4 Quality leading-edge science

7.1.5 Responsible research

7.1.6 Meaningful participation

7.1.7 Open and ongoing communication

7.1.8 Commitment of resources

7.1.9 Capacity building

7.2 Evidence of the success of the framework

7.3 Looking ahead

7.4 Summary of key points

7.5 Key references and suggested readings

7.6 Recommendations


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Last Updated July 28, 2019